Caring for Cotyledon Orbiculata

Cotyledon Orbiculata Care Tips (A Complete Guide)

Cotyledon orbiculata, also known as pig’s ear, is a succulent plant native to South Africa. The plant gets its name from its thick, fleshy leaves that are shaped like a pig’s ear. Cotyledon orbiculata is a low-maintenance plant that is easy to care for. Here are some tips on how to care for your plant.

About cotyledon orbiculata

This plant also known as pig’s ear or round-leaved cotyledon, is a succulent plant native to South Africa. It is a member of the Crassulaceae family and grows up to 130 cm (4.3 feet) tall. The leaves are thick and fleshy, and they are arranged in a rosette pattern. The leaves are green with white spots or stripes, and they have a waxy coating that helps to protect the plant from water loss. The flowers are orange or yellow, and they appear in summer. This plant is a popular houseplant, and it is often grown as a container plant.

Varieties and cultivars

Some main verieties of this plant are:

  • Cotyledon orbiculata var. flanaganii
  • Cotyledon orbiculata var. oophylla Dinter
  • Cotyledon orbiculata var. spuria
  • Cotyledon orbiculata var. mucronata
  • Cotyledon orbiculata var. engleri
  • Cotyledon orbiculata var. dactylopsis
  • Cotyledon orbiculata var. undulata Haw
  • Cotyledon orbiculata var. oblonga
Cotyledon Orbiculata
Cotyledon Orbiculata (By Istockphoto)

How to care for cotyledon orbiculata

If you’re like most gardeners, you probably don’t know how to care for cotyledon orbiculata. Fortunately, there are a few tips that will help you to properly care for these plants.

Size and growth

It is a small palm that grows to a height to 4.3 feet and has a spread of up to 5.1 by 2.8 in.

Cotyledon orbiculata is a type of cactus that typically grows in areas that have a lot of moisture. This plant is able to survive in areas that are dry. The leaves of the plant are thick and fleshy, with a distinctive ear-shaped outline. The plant flowers in summer, with yellow or orange flowers blooming on long stalks.


Although the cotyledon orbiculata is a common garden plant, it is also used as an ornamental plant in many parts of the world. This plant is best suited for locations that receive a lot of sunlight, as it needs a lot of light to grow and produce flowers.

Because this plant is a fast-growing plant, it is important to provide it with the right amount of light. If you live in an area that receives a lot of sunlight, you may want to consider growing the plant as a garden plant. If you live in an area that does not receive a lot of sunlight, you may want to consider using the succulent as an ornamental plant.


Even though cotyledon orbiculata may not require a lot of TLC, it’s still important to watering it regularly. Make sure to water thoroughly and evenly, and be careful not to overwater it. This succulent is also capable of surviving dry periods, so don’t be afraid to cut back on water in the summer if your soil is dry.

However, it is important to water the plant regularly during the growing season. Over-watering can cause root rot and should be avoided.

It is best to water in the morning, before the sun gets too hot. You should also water them deeply, using a water dropper or a hose. You should also keep in mind that likes a moist environment, so don’t let the soil dry out.

Temperature and humidity

The ideal conditions for cotyledon orbiculata will vary depending on the region in which the plant is located, the climate, and the type of soil the plant is growing in. However, here are some general guidelines that can help:

Pig’s ear is a succulent plant native to South Africa. The plant is tolerant of a wide range of temperatures, but it prefers warm weather. The ideal temperature range for cotyledon orbiculata is 70 degrees Fahrenheit during the day and 60-65 degrees Fahrenheit at night. The plant can tolerate temperatures as low as 50 degrees Fahrenheit, but it will start to experience stress at that point. Cold temperatures can cause the leaves of the plant to turn brown and drop off.

For humidity, they should be grown in environments that have a humidity level of 50 to 70 percent.


Soil requirements for the cotyledon orbiculata vary depending on the region in which it is grown, but typically the plant requires well-drained soil that is moist but not wet. They is tolerant of a variety of soil conditions, but does best in soils that are acidic or slightly alkaline.


If you’re looking for a fertilizer that will help improve the growth of cotyledon orbiculata, you might want to consider using a organic fertilizer. Not only will organic fertilizers help to improve the growth of plants, but they also tend to be more environmentally friendly than traditional fertilizers.

Organic fertilizers can be made from a variety of ingredients, including compost, manure, and plant extracts. Some organic fertilizers are also designed to correct specific deficiencies in plants. For example, a fertilizer designed to help improve the growth of them might contain nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium.

Cotyledon orbiculata requires little fertilizer. A light application of a balanced fertilizer once a month during the growing season is sufficient.

Potting & repotting

To repot them, first make sure the pot is large enough so that the plant can grow unrestricted. Next, remove any old soil and replace it with a moist, acidic mix. Finally, add a few tablespoons of organic matter to the pot and water thoroughly.

Are you repotting cotyledon orbiculata? Here are some requirements you should keep in mind:

-Use a pot that is at least 2 inches larger in diameter than the rootball.

-Use a potting mix that is high in organic matter.

-Water the plant regularly, especially when it is first repotted.

-Fertilize the plant every 2 weeks with a low-nitrogen fertilizer.

-Remove old leaves and flowers as they form.

If you follow these repotting requirements, your plant will be healthy and happy in its new pot.


The cotyledon orbiculata is a type of succulent that requires regular pruning to keep it looking its best.

Pruning is necessary to remove dead or diseased plants, along with any overly long or spindly stems.

Pruning should also be done to keep the plant in shape and to ensure that it is growing in a manageable shape.

Pests and diseases

Cotyledon orbiculata is susceptible to a number of pests and diseases, including the leaf miner, aphids, scale insects, and root rot. It is important to control these pests and diseases in order to keep the plant healthy.

The leaf miner: This insect is known for its ability to burrow into the leaves of the vegetable, where it feeds on the plant’s cells. The leaf miner can cause significant damage to the plant, and is often difficult to control.

The aphid: Aphids are small, green, soft-bodied insects that feed on the sap of the succulent. Aphids can cause the plant to become stunted, and can also cause the leaves to become distorted and covered in honeydew. To treat the aphid, you will need to remove the affected leaves and use a systemic insecticide to kill the insects.

Root rot: Root rot is a fungus that attacks the roots of the plant. The fungus causes the roots to turn black and die, and can eventually kill the plant. To treat the root rot, you will need to remove the infected roots and use a systemic fungicide to kill the fungus.

>>>Here is a video for more tips:

How to care for cotyledon orbiculata in winter

Keep reading for tips on how to care for this plant in winter.

First and foremost, They are drought tolerant plants. In fact, they can even handle a little bit of neglect in the winter. That said, give them plenty of water and make sure the soil is moist, but not soggy.

Another key factor to consider when caring for them in winter is temperature. Keep the plant in a warm, but not too warm, area. If you do end up moving the cotyledon orbiculata to a warmer area, make sure to adjust the watering schedule accordingly.

And finally, make sure to give the plant plenty of light. This succulent does best in bright, sunny areas. If you can’t give it direct sunlight, try installing a lightbulb in the plant’s pot.

So there you have it! These are just a few tips on how to care for them in winter. Be sure to give these tips a try and see how your plant grows and looks in the process!

>>> Related: Rhipsalis cereuscula care

How to propagate cotyledon orbiculata

If you’re looking for an easy-to-grow plant that will add a touch of color to your home, look no further than cotyledon orbiculata. Also known as pig’s ear or American sunflower, this plant is native to Mexico and can be propagated easily from seed. Here’s how:

1. Start by collecting seeds from a mature the plant.

2. Sow the seeds in a well-drained potting mix and water lightly.

3. Place the pot in a warm, sunny spot and keep the soil moist but not soggy.

4. Within 2-3 weeks, you should see sprouts emerging from the soil.

5. Once the plants are big enough to handle, transplant them into individual pots or outdoor beds.

Is the cotyledon orbiculata (pig’s ear) toxic?

This is not toxic to humans. However, the plant contains saponins which can be toxic to animals if ingested in large quantities. Saponins are a type of natural surfactant that can cause irritation and vomiting if consumed in large amounts. For this reason, it is best to keep pig’s ear out of reach of pets and children.

How to Grow Cotyledon Orbiculata
How to Grow Cotyledon Orbiculata (By Istockphoto)

Frequently asked questions

Is cotyledon orbiculata poisonous to dogs?

There is no definitive answer to this question as it depends on the individual dog. Some dogs may be more sensitive to Cotyledon orbiculata and experience vomiting or diarrhea, while others may not have any reaction. If you are concerned that your dog may be affected, it is best to consult with a veterinarian.

How often should I water my cotyledon orbiculata?

Cotyledon orbiculata should be watered every two to three days.

Do Cotyledon leaves fall off?

Cotyledon leaves usually fall off when the plant is ready to start producing its own leaves. This typically happens when the plant is about 6 inches tall.

How do pig ears grow succulents?

Pig ears grow succulents by absorbing water and nutrients from the soil. They have a high water content, which helps them retain moisture and keep the plant healthy.

Can you take cuttings from pigface plants anytime?

No, you cannot take cuttings from pigface plants anytime. You can only take cuttings from these plants during the spring and summer months.

Can you split succulents?

Yes, succulents can be split. The best time to do this is in the spring or summer when they are actively growing. To split a succulent, carefully remove it from the pot and gently pull it apart at the natural seams.

How do you strike a succulent?

Striking a succulent is easy! Just make sure to use a sharp, clean knife or scissors. Cut at an angle, about 1/4 inch above a leaf node. Allow the cuttings to callous over for a few days before planting.


In conclusion, the Cotyledon Orbiculata is a beautiful, low-maintenance plant that is perfect for beginner gardeners. hope the above information about care will be useful to you. With just a little bit of care and attention, this plant can thrive indoors or out, making it a versatile option for any home. So, what are you waiting for? Give this plant a try and see for yourself how easy and rewarding it can be.