How Long Do Succulents Live

How Long Do Succulents Live? You Need To Know

If you’re thinking of adding a succulent to your home, you might be wondering how long do succulents live. The answer is, it depends. Some succulents can live for decades, while others only last a few years. In this article, we’ll go over how long different types of succulents live and what you can do to prolong their life.

How Long Do Succulents Live?

Succulents are a type of plant that is known for its thick, fleshy leaves. These plants are native to arid regions and can store water in their leaves for long periods of time. Succulents are popular houseplants and are often used in landscaping.

Most succulents will live for several years with proper care. However, some species of succulents are only annuals and will only live for one growing season. The lifespan of a succulent is largely determined by the amount of sunlight it receives, the type of soil it is grown in, and the amount of water it gets.

Here are some succulents with known longevity:

Jade Plant 70-100 years
Hens and Chicks 3+ years
Aloe Vera 5-25 years
Barrel Cactus Centuries!
Living Stones 40-50 years
Christmas Cactus  30+ years

Understanding Succulent Growth

Succulents require a well-drained soil and plenty of light to grow well. If you’re new to succulent gardening, start by growing a few succulents in small pots and then gradually move them to larger pots as they grow. Succulent plants don’t like to be waterlogged, so be sure to water them sparingly.

Once your succulents are growing well, be sure to fertilize them once a month with a balanced fertilizer. And finally, keep an eye out for pests and diseases, which can be controlled with a few simple remedies. Succulent plants are usually resistant to most types of pests and diseases, but if you do notice any problems, be sure to consult your local garden center or online resource for more information.

Do Succulents Have Any Specific Life Span?

Do succulents have a specific lifespan? This is a common question that we get here at The Sill. While the answer may vary depending on the type of succulent, generally speaking, most succulents have a relatively long lifespan.

Some succulents, like sempervivums (also known as hens and chicks), can live for decades. Other types of succulents, like echeverias, typically have a shorter lifespan of around 5-10 years. However, there are many factors that can affect the lifespan of a succulent, such as its environment and care.

For example, if a succulent is kept outdoors in direct sunlight, it will likely have a shorter lifespan than if it were kept indoors in indirect light.

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Most Common Succulents And Their Average Lifespan

Jade Plant

Jade plant is a popular houseplant that is easy to care for and can thrive indoors with minimal maintenance. Native to Africa and Asia, the jade plant is a succulent that is known for its thick, fleshy leaves.

The jade plant can live for decades with proper care, and its glossy green leaves are believed to bring good luck in some cultures. Although the jade plant is relatively low-maintenance, there are a few things to keep in mind when caring for this popular houseplant.

Hens And Chicks

Hens and chicks are a type of succulent that is native to the Mediterranean. They are drought tolerant and can live for several years with little water. The plant gets its name from the way the leaves grow in a rosette shape around the center of the plant, which resembles a hen surrounded by her chicks.

Although they are tough plants, hens and chicks are not indestructible. They need well-drained soil and full sun to partial shade to thrive. If they are overwatered, the leaves will rot and the plant will die. If they are underwatered, the leaves will turn brown and fall off.

If you want your hens and chicks to last for several years, it is important to care for them properly. Water them deeply about once a week during the growing season (spring through fall).

Aloe Vera

There are many factors that affect the lifespan of a succulent plant. The type of plant, growing conditions, and level of care all play a role in how long your succulent will live.

Aloe vera is a type of succulent that is commonly used as a houseplant. These plants are easy to care for and can live for several years with proper care. The average lifespan of an aloe vera plant is 10-12 years.

To help your aloe vera plant reach its full potential, give it plenty of sunlight and water it when the soil is dry. Be sure to use a well-draining pot to prevent the roots from rotting. With proper care, your aloe vera plant will provide you with years of enjoyment.

Barrel Cactus

A barrel cactus is a type of cactus that is typically round in shape and has ridges running down its body. These cacti are native to the deserts of North and South America and can grow to be quite large, reaching heights of up to 6 feet. Barrel cacti are often used as ornamental plants due to their unique appearance, but they can also be used for food or water storage in desert regions.

Barrel cacti are slow-growing plants, but they can reach up to six feet tall and three feet wide. They typically live between 50 and 100 years, but some have been known to live even longer. To keep your cactus healthy, make sure to plant it in well-draining soil and give it plenty of sunlight.

Living Stones

Living stones are native to the deserts of Africa and Arabia, so they’re used to hot, dry conditions. When they’re grown in pots, they need well-draining soil and should be watered only when the soil is completely dry. If you live in a hot climate, you can put your living stones outside in partial sun; if you live in a cooler climate, they’ll do best indoors near a sunny window.

Despite their reputation for being low-maintenance, succulents still require some basic care in order to thrive. They need bright light, well-drained soil, and occasional watering. With proper care, most succulents will live for several years.

However, there are a few things that can shorten a succulent’s lifespan. Overwatering is one of the most common problems, as it can lead to root rot. If your succulent is wilting or looking generally unhealthy, it’s likely due to too much water. Too much sun can also be harmful, causing the leaves to scorch or turn brown.

Christmas Cactus

The Christmas cactus is a tropical plant that is native to Brazil. It is a member of the cactus family and has the scientific name Schlumbergera truncata. The plant is also known as the Thanksgiving cactus or the Easter cactus. The Christmas cactus blooms in winter and its flowers are red, pink, or white.

It is not uncommon for Christmas cacti to live for over 20 years with proper care. The plant grows best in bright indirect sunlight and prefers temperatures between 60-70 degrees Fahrenheit. The Christmas cactus can be propagated by taking stem cuttings and rooting them in potting mix. The plant does not like to be overwatered and should be allowed to dry out between watering.

Crown Of Thorns

Crown of thorns (Euphorbia milii) is a beautiful, flowering succulent that is popular as a houseplant. The plant gets its name from the thorny stems that are covered in small, bright red flowers.

The plant originates from Madagascar and can grow up to three feet tall. It prefers warm climates and does not do well in cold weather. Crown of thorns is a drought-tolerant plant that does not need much water to survive. The plant should be watered about once a week, allowing the soil to dry out completely between watering. The average lifespan of a crown of thorns plant is 10 years, but some plants have been known to live for much longer. In ideal conditions, these plants can live for decades.


Echeveria are a type of succulent that originates from the hot, dry climates of Central America. They are known for their beautiful rosette shapes and vibrant colors. While they are relatively low-maintenance plants, there are still some things to keep in mind in order to help them thrive.

Generally speaking, echeveria have a lifespan of about 10 years. However, there are some factors that can affect this number. For example, if an echeveria is kept outdoors in ideal conditions, it may live longer than one that is kept indoors. Additionally, the way in which an echeveria is cared for can also impact its lifespan

Common Succulents And Their Average Lifespan
Common Succulents And Their Average Lifespan (By Istockphoto)

How To Keep Succulents Alive?

Succulents are a type of plant that store water in their leaves, stems, or roots. They are native to dry climates and can live for long periods of time without water. Although they are easy to care for, there are a few things you can do to keep your succulents alive and healthy.

Provide Room To Breathe

Although succulents look beautiful in containers, this is not the ideal environment for you to place them.

Succulents need space and breathing room. This is the main reason why succulents need a root zone.

As mentioned earlier in this article, succulents have thick leaves, stems, and roots because that’s where they store water. Some succulents grow so fast that they can fill a 6-inch pot in no time.

If you don’t provide enough root zone, you’re depriving the plant of the opportunity to grow taller. They then gradually lose their internal moisture, the leaves discolor and wrinkle, the stems become more elastic, and the root cells slowly die.

In other words, succulents start to rot and eventually die.

Don’t Expose Them On Too Much Sunlight

Yes, succulents can survive harsh environments, but that doesn’t mean you’re exposing them to the sun’s hottest temperatures.

Some succulents can grow in these environments, but that’s not all. So it’s best to do your research and make sure the succulents you have can survive direct sunlight.

If not, make sure to provide some shade to protect them from the sun, especially when the temperature hits 90 degrees Fahrenheit. Most green and variegated succulents are most prone to sunburn.

With these succulents, you can place them next to a window with direct sunlight, but also with enough shade to cover them.

Red, gray, blue or thorny succulents can survive the scorching sun. If you’re in a warm area that doesn’t get much rain, these succulents are your best bet.

Provide Them With A Well-Drainage System

Since succulents are drought-tolerant plants, staying in damp conditions can cause them to rot and die. For this reason, a well-functioning drainage system is essential.

You should start by choosing the correct soil type. Wet soil can overwater plants, causing them to rot and die.

To get the ideal soil for your succulents, you need a soil mix. A highly recommended combination consists of ⅓ organic matter and ⅔ mineral material.

Examples of organic soils include potting soil, pine bark, compost, and coconut shells. As minerals you can use grit, perlite, volcanic rock or gravel.

Other minerals you can get from a soil mix include diatomaceous earth, chicken litter, decayed granite, and insoluble cat litter.

Once you’ve found the right soil, it’s time to choose the right pot. Ideally, it should be a pot with drainage holes in the bottom. This allows the water to drain through the pot instead of standing still, causing the soil to become wet.

Give Them Little Water

Just because succulents are drought tolerant doesn’t mean they don’t need water. They still need water, but only in small amounts. It is important not to overwater as this will only rot the plant.

Pour some water in your pot until it runs out at the bottom. You only need to water again when it feels dry 1 inch from the soil surface. Depending on this, you may need to water your succulents once or twice a week.

If you live in a cold area or in winter, you don’t need to water the plants.

Feed Them

Succulents can survive in nutrient-poor environments. However, that doesn’t mean they don’t need fertilizer at all.

Fertilizers contain the combination of nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium that succulents need for healthy growth.

However, just like in the water, don’t overfeed them. You can even fertilize the soil at least once a year to avoid burning the plants.

It’s best to use a balanced fertilizer and fertilize early in the plant’s growing season.

How To Keep Succulents Alive
How To Keep Succulents Alive (By Istockphoto)

Frequently asked questions about succulents

Can succulents grow forever?

No, succulents cannot grow forever. They will eventually die off if they are not properly taken care of.

What is the longest living succulent?

The longest living succulent is the Sempervivum tectorum. It can live for up to 100 years.

How often should you water succulents?

You should water succulents once every one to two weeks, depending on the climate and the type of succulent. In hot, dry climates, succulents will need to be watered more often than in cooler, wetter climates.

Why are succulents so hard to keep alive?

There are a few reasons why succulents are so hard to keep alive. First, they come from arid climates and so need very little water to survive. Second, they are often sold in small pots which dry out quickly. And finally, many people do not realize how little water succulents need and so they overwater them, causing the plants to rot.

Should succulents be repotted?

Succulents should be repotted every one to two years, or when they start to look crowded in their pot. Be sure to use a well-draining potting mix and a pot with drainage holes.

How long can succulents go without water?

Depending on the type of succulent, they can go anywhere from a few days to a couple of weeks without water. However, it is best to not let them go completely dry for too long as this can cause them to wilt and die.

Do succulents need sun?

Succulents need sun to grow, but they can also tolerate some shade. If you are growing succulents indoors, place them near a sunny window.

Are succulents immortal?

No, succulents are not immortal. They can live for a very long time, but they will eventually die.

Why do succulent leaves fall off?

There are a few reasons why succulent leaves may fall off. One reason could be that the plant is not getting enough water. If the leaves are dry and shriveled, this is a sign that the plant needs more water. Another reason could be that the plant is getting too much sun. If the leaves are starting to look pale or have brown spots, this is a sign that the plant needs less sun.

How do you know when a succulent needs water?

The best way to know when a succulent needs water is to check the soil. If the soil is dry, then the plant needs water. Another way to tell if a succulent needs water is by looking at the leaves. If the leaves are wilted or drooping, then the plant needs water.


Above is all the information about how long cactus live, hope you will choose the right plant and to properly care for it. Succulents are a great plant to have around your home. With so many different varieties, there is sure to be a succulent that is perfect for you.