how to build an above ground garden

How To Build A Raised Garden Bed Cheap And Easy [Backyard Gardening]

Do you want to learn how to build an above ground garden? If so, you have come to the right place. In this blog post, we’ll show you how to build a raised garden bed. So, whether you are a beginner or an experienced gardener, read on for tips and advice on how to create the perfect above ground garden. Happy gardening!What is a raised garden bed?

What is a raised garden bed?

A raised garden bed is a gardening technique in which the soil is built up above the ground, usually in a rectangular or square shape. The sides of the bed can be made from wood, stone, or other materials, and the beds can be any size.

Why use raised garden beds?

There are many benefits to using raised garden beds. They can help to:

– Improve drainage

– Prevent soil compaction

– Provide better aeration for the roots

– Help to control weeds

– Make gardening easier for those with back or mobility issues

Benefits of raised garden beds

Raised garden beds have many benefits, including:

– They make it easier to reach your plants without having to bend over.

– They improve drainage and prevent waterlogging.

– They warm up faster in spring, so you can start planting earlier.

– They protect your plants from pests and diseases

How To Build A Raised Garden Bed Cheap And Easy
How To Build A Raised Garden Bed Cheap And Easy

Planning your garden

Necessary supplies:

– Wooden boards or planks

– Nails or screws

– Hammer or screwdriver

– Soil

– Plants

How wide should your raised bed be?

Your raised bed should be at least 30cm (12in) wide, so that you can reach the plants in the middle without stepping on the soil. If you have limited space, you can make narrower beds. Just remember that you won’t be able to reach the plants in the middle without stepping on the soil.

How deep should a raised bed be?

The soil in your raised bed should be at least 30cm (12in) deep. This will give the roots of your plants enough room to grow.

If you want to grow taller plants, such as tomatoes or beans, you will need a deeper bed. The sides of your bed can be higher than 30cm (12in), but the soil should be at least 30cm (12in) deep.

Location for raised beds

Before you build your raised bed, you’ll need to take the environmental conditions of your location into account. This includes things like:

– The amount of sunlight the location receives

– The type of soil in the location

– The pH level of the soil

– The drainage of the location

You can test your soil’s pH level with a home soil test kit. Most plants prefer a pH level between 6.0 and 7.0.

If you’re not sure how much sunlight your location receives, you can use a sun chart to find out.

If you’re not sure about the drainage of your location, you can do a simple test by digging a hole that is 30cm (12in) deep and filling it with water. If the water drains within 24 hours, the location has good drainage. If the water takes longer than 24 hours to drain, the location has poor drainage.

If your space is currently lawn:

If you’re starting with a lawn, you’ll need to remove the grass before you build your raised bed. You can do this by either digging it up or smothering it with a thick layer of newspaper or cardboard.

Once the grass is removed, mark out the area for your raised bed. You can use string or garden hose to outline the shape of your bed.

If you’re starting with an existing garden:

You can build raised beds anywhere in your garden, as long as the location receives at least six hours of sunlight per day. If you have existing plants, you’ll need to take their root systems into account when planning the location of your raised bed.

If your space is currently weed-infested:

If the space you have available is currently weed-infested, you’ll need to take care of the weeds before you build your raised bed. You can do this by either digging them up or smothering them with a thick layer of newspaper or cardboard.

If your space is currently shrubbed:

If the space you have available is currently shrubbed, you’ll need to remove the shrubs before you build your raised bed. You can do this by either digging them up or cutting them down.

If your location is hardscape:

If the space you have available is currently hardscape (paved with concrete, brick, or stone), you’ll need to remove the hardscape before you build your raised bed. You can do this by breaking up the pavement with a sledgehammer or jackhammer.

a raised garden bed

What are your environmental conditions?

Before you build your raised bed, you’ll need to take the environmental conditions of your location into account. This includes things like:

– The amount of sunlight the location receives

– The type of soil in the location

– The pH level of the soil

– The drainage of the location

You can test your soil’s pH level with a home soil test kit. Most plants prefer a pH level between 6.0 and 7.0.

If you’re not sure how much sunlight your location receives, you can use a sun chart to find out.

If you’re not sure about the drainage of your location, you can do a simple test by digging a hole that is 30cm (12in) deep and filling it with water. If the water drains within 24 hours, the location has good drainage. If the water takes longer than 24 hours to drain, the location has poor drainage.

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How to build an above ground garden

Step 1: settle on the right position for your boards.

First, you’ll need to decide on the right position for your garden boards. You’ll need to make sure that the garden is high enough off the ground so that you don’t have to bend over to tend to it, but low enough so that water doesn’t accumulate on the surface and rot the boards.

Step 2: prop up the short sides.

Try to position the boards so that they’re at least 8 feet apart, and make sure to prop them up along the short sides to keep them from collapsing. This will keep the frame sturdy and prevent water from seeping into the bed.

Step 3: reinforce the frame.

To reinforce the frame, you can use cinder blocks, bricks, or other sturdy materials. Again, make sure to position them so that the garden is stable and won’t collapse under its own weight.Step 4: fill your bed.

Step 4: fill your bed.

You can use any type of soil to fill your raised garden bed, but it’s important to make sure that the soil is loose and well-aerated. You can add compost or other organic matter to improve the quality of the soil.

Step 5: Plant your plants!

Now it’s time to fill your garden with soil and plants. Start by planting your hardy flowers and vegetables in the middle of the garden, and work your way outwards as the plants grow. Water the plants regularly, and be sure to mulch the soil to keep it moist. Choose plants that will do well in your climate and in the amount of sunlight that your garden gets. Water regularly, and enjoy your beautiful new garden!

Alternative building materials

Prefab kits

If you don’t want to build your own raised garden bed, you can always purchase a prefabricated kit. These kits come in a variety of materials, including wood, plastic, and metal. They’re usually easy to assemble, and they come with all the necessary hardware.

Wattle

Wattle is a technique of interlacing twigs and branches to create a fence or wall. Wattle can be used to create raised garden beds of any size and shape.

Logs

You can also build raised garden beds out of logs. This is a particularly good option if you have access to free or cheap logs. Simply stack the logs on top of each other to create a raised bed, and use a saw to cut slots into the logs so that they fit together snugly.

Concrete blocks

Another option is to use concrete blocks. This is a more permanent option, but it’s also more expensive. To build a raised garden bed with concrete blocks, you’ll need to stack the blocks on top of each other and then mortar them together.

High and mighty

Keep in mind that the taller the raised garden bed, the more difficult it will be to reach the plants in the middle. If you have trouble bending over, or if you simply want to make your garden easier to maintain, you can build a tall raised bed. To do this, you’ll need to use taller boards or logs, and you may need to reinforce the sides with cinder blocks or bricks.

Some tips for building an above ground garden

Here are some tips:

– Choose a sunny spot in your garden. Raised garden beds need at least six hours of sunlight per day.

– Decide on the size and shape of your bed. When choosing the size, consider how much time you want to spend caring for it and how many plants you want to grow. rectangular or square shapes are the easiest to build and maintain.

– Choose the material you want to use for the sides of your bed. Common choices include wood, stone, and brick.

– Make sure the materials you use are safe for garden use. For example, treated lumber should not be used because it can leach chemicals into the soil.

– If you are using wood, make sure it is rot-resistant. Cedar and redwood are good choices.

– Build the raised bed on level ground so that water drains evenly.

– When building the sides of your bed, make sure they are tall enough so that you can reach the plants in the middle without having to stoop down. A height of about 18 inches is ideal.

– Line the bottom of your bed with landscape fabric to help prevent weeds from growing up through the soil.

– Fill your raised bed with a mix of topsoil, compost, and sand. This will provide the perfect environment for your plants to thrive.

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Other Tips to Consider

Wood

If you choose to use wood for your raised garden bed, make sure it is rot resistant. Good choices include cedar and redwood. Treated lumber should not be used because it can leach chemicals into the soil.

Soil

Fill your raised garden bed with a mix of topsoil, compost, and sand. This will provide the perfect environment for your plants to thrive.

Space

When deciding on the size of your raised garden bed, consider how much time you want to spend caring for it and how many plants you want to grow. rectangular or square shapes are the easiest to build and maintain.

Plants evenly

When planting your garden, space the plants evenly so that they have room to grow. If plants are too close together, they will compete for resources and not reach their full potential.

Water regularly

Water your plants on a regular basis, and make sure the soil is always moist but not soggy. Overwatering can lead to problems such as root rot, so be sure to check the soil regularly.

Mulch

Mulching your garden helps to retain moisture and keeps the weeds at bay. Be sure to mulch around plants, taking care not to pile the mulch too thickly around the stems.

Fertilize

Fertilizing your plants will give them the nutrients they need to grow strong and healthy. Be sure to use a fertilizer that is specifically designed for gardens.

Weeding

Weeding is an important part of garden maintenance. Be sure to remove all weeds, including the roots, so that they don’t come back.

Pest control

Pests can wreak havoc on your garden, so it’s important to keep them under control. Be sure to check your plants regularly for pests, and remove them promptly if you find any.

Harvesting

When your plants are ready, harvest them carefully so as not to damage the plant. Enjoy the fruits (or vegetables) of your labor!

What to plant in raised beds

What grows well in 6” soil depth:

– Beets, carrots, Swiss chard, spinach

– Kale, lettuce, arugula, endives

– Radishes

What grows well in 12” soil depth:

– Tomatoes, peppers, eggplant, potatoes

– Cauliflower, broccoli, Brussels sprouts

– Cabbage, collards

– Herbs: basil, oregano, sage, thyme, cilantro

What grows well in 18” soil depth:

– Lima beans, black-eyed peas, navy beans, soybeans

– Corn

– Cucumbers, squash, pumpkins

– Watermelons (requires a lot of space)

– Melons (requires a lot of space)

When to plant in raised beds

The best time to plant in raised beds is in the spring, after the last frost. This will give your plants the longest growing season possible. You can also plant in the fall, but be sure to harvest all of your crops before the first frost.

Best diy raised bed garden ideas & designs

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Beautiful DIY Raised Garden Bed Build
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Frequently Asked Questions

What do you put in the bottom of a raised garden bed?

The bottom of a raised garden bed can be lined with landscape fabric to help prevent weeds from growing up through the soil. You can also fill the bottom of the bed with a layer of gravel for drainage.

What kind of wood should I use for raised beds?

If you choose to use wood for your raised garden bed, make sure it is rot resistant. Good choices include cedar and redwood. Treated lumber should not be used because it can leach chemicals into the soil.

Do raised garden beds need drainage?

Yes, raised garden beds need drainage. Be sure to add a layer of gravel to the bottom of the bed to help with drainage. You can also drill holes in the sides of the bed for additional drainage.

Can you use fence posts for raised beds?

Yes, you can use fence posts for raised beds. Just make sure they are made of a rot resistant wood such as cedar or redwood. Treated lumber should not be used because it can leach chemicals into the soil.

How long will untreated wood last in raised beds?

Untreated wood will last for several years in raised beds. After a few years, the wood will start to rot and will need to be replaced. Treated lumber should not be used because it can leach chemicals into the soil.

Are cinder blocks safe for raised beds?

Cinder blocks are safe for raised beds as long as they are not treated with chemicals. If you are unsure, it is best to contact the manufacturer to find out if the cinder blocks are safe to use.

Can I use decking boards for raised beds?

Yes, you can use decking boards for raised beds. Just make sure they are made of a rot resistant wood such as cedar or redwood. Treated lumber should not be used because it can leach chemicals into the soil.

Should I put rocks in the bottom of my raised garden bed?

Adding a layer of rocks to the bottom of your raised garden bed can help with drainage. Be sure to use rocks that are small enough so that they will not take up too much space in the bed.

Should I line my raised garden bed with plastic?

Lining your raised garden bed with plastic can help to prevent weeds from growing. Be sure to use a heavy duty plastic so that it will not tear easily. You will also need to make sure that the plastic is large enough to cover the entire bed.

How many bags of soil do I need for a 4×8 raised bed?

You will need 8-10 bags of soil for a 4×8 raised bed. Be sure to use a high quality garden soil or potting mix for the best results.

Conclusion

Garden In The City hopes this post has helped you understand how to build an above ground garden. Raised beds are an excellent way to improve your gardening experience, and with the right tools and instructions, they’re easy to construct. If you have any questions about building a raised bed or gardening in general, please don’t hesitate to reach out to us. We love helping our readers cultivate their green thumbs!